2 john 1 who is the chosen lady

It should be avoided. While it is more likely that the word “elect” is simply used to describe the lady, Clement of Alexandra believed that eklektē was this woman’s name, a name we would translate into English as “Electa.” If so, eklektē kuria in 2 John 1:1 could be translated as “to Lady Electa.” However, the sister mentioned in the last verse of 2 John is also given the description as being “elect.” While it is not improbable that two women, somehow related, would have the same name—in Roman times, sisters could have the same name—it is more likely that the chosen lady and the chosen sister are individuals like Rufus, a man described as “chosen” or “elect” in Romans 16:13. She knew the difference between sound teaching and hogwash, and she was able to teach others the difference. This would be someone (or some group) who would know that John was the "Elder.") She argues that it is inconsistent with John’s use of terminology for both terms to refer to a church.8 John would not have used competing metaphors in a letter that is only half a page long! Remember, John is the last eye witness alive of Jesus’ entire earthly ministry! 1 From the Elder. Lamar Wadsworth. Not the congregation, but the church itself, and the children are the congregation. 1:1 The elder to the elect (chosen) lady and her children… (I believe the elect lady is those leaders of the Jewish or Gentile church, and in verse 13 ‘the elect (chosen) sister’ being how the two churches may have referred to one another, the children being the members of the churches that are being led into the truth. Metaphors abound in Scripture, but common sense and context usually tell us if the writer is speaking metaphorically. I truly love all of you and am confident that all who know the truth share in my love for you. Of course, some of the children of the elect lady may have been her natural children. Another possibility is that John was writing to a congregation. 1:14;); and the man who was the recipient of 3 John. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. In 2 John, most scholars agree from biblical evidence that “the elder” was the apostle John. 1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth; 2 For the truth's sake, which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us for ever. 3 Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and his Son, Jesus Christ, will be with us in truth and love. (Yes. 2 We love you because of the truth that lives in us and will be with us forever. Holy Bible never says that Mary, the theotokos, gave birth to other children. 2 John 1:7 - For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. [12] The apostle Paul also used the word “children” or “child” in reference to the Christian converts at Corinth and Galatia, and of Onesimus and Timothy, etc (1 Cor. 40), Epictetus, a Stoic philosopher who lived circa 50–135 AD, wrote that kuria was used by men to flatter young women. Marg, thanks so much for the reply. Israel is portrayed as a woman— the sometimes unfaithful wife of Yahweh. Paul clearly teaches us in 1 Timothy 5:1-2 that men and women can work together as colleagues in ministry without any hint of impropriety. 2 John New International Version (NIV). I will come back to read more later. a Christian community). The shortcoming of this view is that nowhere else in the New Testament (or in later writings) is a Christian community referred to as a “lady” kuria (or a “sister” adelphē). Not theologically motivated. There is no reason not to take the woman “who is in Babylon” to be an actual woman, a leader or prominent member of the church at Rome who was well-known to the recipients of 1 Peter. The basic meaning of the word is “authority” or “master.” It is very unlikely that kuria (feminine form) is a proper name. John wrote to "the chosen lady." The word kyrios means “lord” and often refers to God; however the Greek word for “God”, strictly speaking, is theos. 3 There will be with us undeserved kindness, mercy, and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, with truth and love. The use of the term “leader” is inappropriate as used by the religious industry. As a general letter to a church, 2 John is redundant. 2 John 1:1, NLT: "This letter is from John, the elder. It is the Greek grammar which shows that the children (the congregation) and the lady are not one and the same. Some of the elect lady’s children may have been her sons and daughters and/or people she had personally led to the Lord. The second letter of John opens with the words: “The older man to the chosen lady and to her children.” (2Jo 1) Thus, in a tactful way, John indicates that he is the writer. I would also like to go with Michael that the chosen lady here would most and very much possibly be Our Lady the Virgin. This afternoon while peeling potatos I found a divine sign. Paul uses it in that sense in Ephesians 6. Christian Gnosticism spread quickly and became even more influential in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, when they had even more access to even more churches. Priscilla Papers 10:3, Summer 1996. [3] In the Gospels, the owner of a vineyard is called a kurios, that is, he was the owner of the vineyard and the master of those who worked there (Matt. Lucitis Dexter, in his “Chronicle,” says that this lady’s original proper name was Drusia. This is a deceiver and an antichrist. A congregation is a church. Some thoughts: Hi Mary, I think only you can answer that question. 3 Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and his Son, Jesus Christ, will be with us in truth and love. 2nd John 1-13. She and her son were well-known to the church in Rome, but they are obscure figures for us. [17] It seems that John’s second letter was written to such a woman. Just because she had already passed away and the Holy Church is identified metaphorically with St. Mary. The fact that she is paired with Mark in 1 Peter 5:13 certainly indicates she was as much a literal person as he was. Furthermore, John addressed his second letter to “the chosen lady” and to “her children.” If the “chosen lady” represents a church, who then are her children? 1 From the Elder. When we read the letters that make up the greater part of our New Testament, we are reading someone else’s mail. It, like his third epistle, is simply a short personal letter from the Apostle. Athanasius was possibly among the first to propose that Kyria (a common transliteration of kuria) was actually the woman’s name. My guess would be that the Chosen Lady was either in Asia Minor or Macedonia, as some communities there didn’t seem to have a problem with women in ministry – women such as Nympha, Priscilla, Lydia, Euodia, Syntyche, etc. Especially during a time when widespread attacks on the deity of Jesus Christ was the topic of the day! My comments are given in the article under the heading “ELECTA?”. “ye/you”). John enjoyed a collegial relationship with both Gaius and the chosen lady, based upon a shared commitment to Jesus Christ and the truth that is in him. The letter is clearly written by John. While it is more likely that the word “elect” is simply used to describe the lady, Clement of Alexandra believed that eklektē was this woman’s name, a name we would translate into English as “Electa.” If so, eklektēkuria in 2 John 1:1 could be translated as “to Lady Electa.” However, the sister mentioned in th… The Second Epistle of John is among the most neglected books of the New Testament. The title elder is also how John identifies himself in 3 John 1. To whom else could this refer? And if she were still living, she would probably have been living with John (John 19:26-27). Some also argue that the use of “chosen lady” instead of a personal name may just as well indicate John’s concern for the safety of an individual as his concern for the safety of a church. However, it is a great leap of logic to say that we must take the woman to be a metaphor. She was so full of the Spirit of Christ that anyone who loved him would have to love her. The original recipient knew to whom the writer was referring, but you have no idea. In the contrary, most modern scholars believe the lady to be a church addressed by John around 90AD from Ephesus. First of all, congratulations on a wonderfully learned piece of Biblical scholarship! It still seems to me that it was written to her, but obviously not for the same reasons and Matthew here. In the Shepherd of Hermas, an elderly woman speaks to Hermas in visions. I believe that the chosen lady was a female house church leader. Second John. The church at Ephesus, by then, had apparently exercised effective diligence regarding false doctrine, but had “left their first love” (Revelation 2:1-7). Thecla is also referred to as a kuria in The Acts of Paul and Thecla (para. Philip’s four daughters, who were single women, were ministers of the Gospel in New Testament times. 3 Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, will be … It is believed that John wrote his Gospel and his letters from Ephesus. “Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son : and he called His name Jesus.”. The chosen lady may have been a leader in the church for many years, balancing her public ministry with work, home, marriage, and parenting. Instead, when translating the Greek, we should use service-related definitions of the word: steward, responsible for, oversight, care of, servant, minister to their needs. Only book in bible written to woman. Sadly, the church in Thyatira was being corrupted by the teachings and false prophecies of a wicked and immoral female leader (Rev. If the Messiah’s line was corrupted, then Jesus was not the Messiah; man would still be in his sins. 2 John Images and Notes. Clearly, all believers love this “chosen lady,” John cannot be writing to his girlfriend (!). Because of her father’s influence, she often has to confront religious traditions that are contrary to Scripture. (II John 2:1 NASB) Second John is the only New Testament book addressed to a woman (II John 1:1). John used singular pronouns in the Greek when addressing the lady directly (in 2 John 1:4, 5 twice, 13 twice). 1 The elder, To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth —and not I only, but also all who know the truth — 2 because of the truth, which lives in us and will be with us forever:. (I have a few other comments about this in the article. Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son." The bearer may have been an emissary of John’s church or the chosen lady’s church. The Book of 2 John. ), I have seen the word “kuria” used in too many papyrus letters to think that the title is particularly special. John called those whom he led his children. Warning against religious deceivers (verses 7-11). Would you like to support my ministry of encouraging mutuality and equality between men and women in the church and in marriage? PP 12:1 (Winter 1998) p. 40. Who Was The “Chosen Lady” Of 2 John? And I can’t see that remaining a virgin adds anything to Mary’s wonderful vocation or reputation as the mother of Jesus Christ, or that it was beneficial for a married woman. We know so little of her subsequent history from the Scriptures; there are only minimal allusions in the Book of Acts (Acts 1:14). A Christian woman from Asia. Become a Patron! I have read 2 John with Mary, the mother of Jesus, in mind; however I do not believe that she was the recipient of John’s letter. 4:14-15; Gal. I’ve written about the “co-elect” woman in 1 Peter 5:13 here. 4:2-3) and probably Lydia (Acts 16:40), plus others, were New Testament women with significant Christian ministries which may have included being leaders of house churches. - 2 JOHN 1:1-13 New Jerusalem. [To the chosen lady [] and her children:. Hi Marg, I came across your article while reading 2 John 1:1-6. As such, our submission to Jesus as Lord is only as complete and sincere as our submission to God’s Word. Your email address will not be published. She gave birth to ‘God become human’ and when a person is baptized into the Holy Church, he/she is baptized as brother or sister to Jesus, as child of God the Father. However, 1 Peter (addressed to all the Christians in Asia Minor) doesn’t mention it. These letters might mention the names of many people well-known to both the writer and the recipient but unknown to you. 4 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy (sg) children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. Revelation 12 and other scriptures symbolize the Church as a woman. Just as there have been good and bad male leaders, there were good and bad female leaders. John tells the congregation not to admit such people into the house. Jude, the shortest letter that was clearly written to a church, is twice the length of 2 or 3 John. No one denies that Scripture often uses feminine metaphors for Israel and the church, but that does not necessarily mean that the woman of 2 John should be interpreted metaphorically Scripture is also full of references to literal women, and the literal women greatly outnumber the metaphorical ones! . We have other examples to show that early Christians often referred to Rome as “Babylon.” Thus, we can safely conclude mat “Babylon” means Rome in 1 Peter 5:13. 2 John The Voice (VOICE). It has been suggested that the chosen lady may have been Martha of Bethany, a friend of Jesus mentioned in the Gospels of Luke and John (Luke 10:38-41; John 11; 12:1-3). The chosen lady and her children - 2 John 1:1 elder, chosen lady, children. I do have a question for you if you don’t mind. New Testament Women Church Leaders The Babylonian empire was long gone by the time 1 Peter was written. But if John was so concerned about protecting the identity of the recipients), then why is Gaius clearly identified as the addressee of 3 John? It was a way of expressing the hope that the same God who brought down the oppressive power of Babylon long ago would also bring down the oppressive power of Rome. 7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. Designed by Brugel Creative | © Margaret Mowczko, Exploring the biblical theology of Christian egalitarianism, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). This point is discussed in the article under the heading “KYRIA?”. I have the feeling that the chosen lady is somewhere in Asia. Finally, nowhere do I say “few commentators and scholars believe the lady to be a church” or anything like this. The woman is not named, and neither is her sister (2 John 1:13). 3 Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. Jesus appeared to James after His resurrection. To the chosen lady and her children, whom I love in truth—and not I alone, but also all who have come to know the truth— because of the truth that abides in us and will be with us forever: Grace, mercy, and shalom be with us, from God the Father and from Messiah Yeshua, the Father’s Son, in truth and love! The children of the chosen lady were her “spiritual children,” Christians she personally cared about, her congregation. John’s own concern (he was in Ephesus when he wrote his three letters) reveal his concern for the heresy. We need to go a little beyond from literal search alone and have to move to the spiritual meaning of these biblical verses, like Theodore of Mopsuestia suggests, if literal exponentia leaves us with speculations alone. Spencer raises this objection. The epistle preserves correspondence between “the elder” and a “chosen lady and her children” (II John 1:1 NASB). If Mary didn’t have any children by Joseph, the “till she she had brought forth her firstborn son” would be a untrue. Everybody’s responsibility ends up being nobody’s responsibility. The reason for the flood, and the reason that the Israelites were to kill every man, woman, and child in the promised land, was to rid the land of the hybrids so the Messiah could come (Genesis 3:15). Had the letter fallen into hostile hands, they would have had no idea who the chosen lady was, regardless of whether the chosen lady was an individual or a church. 3 There will be with us undeserved kindness, mercy, and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, with truth and love. Sunday is called kyriakē in Greece, which is an adjective meaning “the Lord’s” as in “the Lord’s Day”. "Chosen lady and her children". I remember while taking a ferry in Greece years ago some crew members asked about the name, and they said it meant “God” the first part at least. Burdick takes this view.7 When my wife and I adopted our daughters, somebody gave us a list of definitions for adoptive families—“natural children” are defined as “children who were not created in a laboratory by a mad (or even slightly unhappy) scientist.” Our girls are our “natural children.” But in addition, some of the elect lady’s children probably were her spiritual offspring, people she had personally led to faith in Jesus Christ. John described the chosen lady as one who was known and loved by all who know the truth. We know little about Rufus and less about his mother, not even her name. The Second Epistle of John begins (NIV empahsis mine):. Marg Mowczko is an Australian theologian and writer. 16:13.) The well executed Hebrew Parallelism is to be noted here. Was her name Electa, Kyria, or Martha? uncritically assumes that the chosen lady and her chosen sister (2 John 13) should be taken as metaphors for churches. [To the chosen lady [] and her children:. In case you’re interested: https://margmowczko.com/equality-and-gender-issues/kuria-lady-in-papyrus-letters/. 1 G3588 The G4245 elder, G1588 to the chosen G2959 lady, G2532 and G3588 to G5043 her children, G1473 G3739 G3588 The G4245 elder, G1588 to the chosen G2959 lady, G2532 and G3588 to G5043 her children, G1473 G3739 John is the "Elder." Mary was subject to the same frailties as we are: pride, doubts, and a need of frequent encouragement, counsel, and, perhaps, exhortation. Phil. It is unlikely that the recipient of 2 John was a woman named Kyria. I was looking at your article for another reason today. Mary and the Women in Matthew’s Genealogy of Jesus, Don Carson and Tim Keller on “I Do Not Permit a Woman to Teach”. 7. 16:3-5, etc), possibly Chloe (1 Cor. However the point of my article is to try and identify the chosen lady, and so I have concentrated on her. So John may have been in his 80s when writing the letters, but Mary would have been 110 at that time, if she were still alive. 2:20-24), as was the church in Ephesus (1 Tim. Lady: from this it is plain that this Electa was a noble and influential matron, to whom, though not in accordance with his usual practice, S. John writes to confirm her, and through her others in the faith, that they might not be led astray by Ebion, Cerinthus, and the Gnostics. For instance, in verse 5, John speaks directly to the woman and says, “Now I ask you (sg) lady . Even if it wasn’t to her, but someone else. This is in accord with II John 1, 13. 2. This, too, seems to point to far more than simply a prominent personage within their local church! In the New Testament, there are several women mentioned who were hosts and leaders of house church leaders. Who then the elect sister of v. 13 is? He encourages her to continue in truth and walk in love with other believers. 1 From: The Elder To: The chosen lady and her children, whom I love in truth — and not only I but also all who have come to know the truth — 2 because of the Truth which remains united with us and will be with us forever: 3 Grace, mercy and shalom will be with us from God the Father and from Yeshua the Messiah, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. 10 If there come any unto you (pl), and bring not this doctrine, receive (pl) him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: Do you agree that kuria is the name of the lady? This lady is someone John enjoyed being around. Smalley does not suggest that we take “the beloved Gaius” as a metaphor for a church! Christians adopted this as well (see notes on Acts 11:30; 15:6, 22; 1 Tim. I will also forward your blog to my daughter who also serves the Lord in South Africa. Thus, according to this work, Herod murder John’s father Zacharias, and his clotted blood turned to stone in the Temple (Chapter 24). 1 I, the elder, to you, a lady chosen by God along with her children. In John’s theology, to know the truth is to know Jesus and to know Jesus is to know the truth. “thee/thy”) and the plural (pl) “you” (i.e. In other words, St. Mary has a two-fold significance: Just as a frail human, who badly needs salvation that her Son effects and as a metaphysical symbol that parallels with the Holy Church as a whole! In his explanatory notes on John’s second letter,[6] Wesley claims that “Kyria is undoubtedly a proper name, both here [in 2 John 1:1] and in 2 John 1:5; for it was not then usual to apply the title of lady to any but the Roman empress.” BDAG, however, claims that it was rare for kuria to be used as a proper name and that its rare use as a proper name was late; (i.e. Perhaps the chosen lady was one of Philip’s daughters, and the “chosen sister” another daughter. She is the chosen lady. The church’s responsibility to exclude false teachers was primarily her personal responsibility. According to Eusebius, John was exiled during the reign of Domitian, so Revelation could have been written in the late 80sAD. Finally, Holy Church is the bride of Christ and how can she be sister to St. Mary, the theotokos? Indeed I agree gender equality is something shown throughout the Bible and Jesus taught clearly on the equality of women. 2 John 1:6 - And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. [2] BDAG refers to A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 3rd Edition, by Walter Bauer, revised and edited by F.W Danker (University of Chicago Press, 2000). Marg has a BTh from the Australian College of Ministries and an MA in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie University. 2 John 8-9: "Watch out that you do not lose what you have worked for, but that you may be rewarded fully. As she led in the church, all these people were in her care. 2 because of the truth that remains in us and will be with us for ever. 1 From: The Elder To: The chosen lady and her children, whom I love in truth — and not only I but also all who have come to know the truth — 2 because of the Truth which remains united with us and will be with us forever: 3 Grace, mercy and shalom will be with us from God the Father and from Yeshua the Messiah, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. Paul does not mention her name; he simply refers to her as Rufus’ mother. I take it that you see things from a Roman Catholic perspective which holds some extra-biblical writings in high regard, such as the Infancy Gospel of James. The language of Jesus’ time had such provisions and freedoms of expressions and their thought process was not the one exactly comparable with that the Western European/American one though. It’s very well done and informative. The warning about the docetic heresy (that Jesus did not really come in the flesh) points to Asia Minor where the heresy flourished (2 John 1:7). Everything in 2 John is found in fuller form in 1 John. So the elect lady that John refers to can be Mary, the Virgin. I love all of you in the truth, [] and all those who know the truth love you. It only says, brothers/sisters of Jesus, which in a very stricter sense does not always, necessarily and exclusively mean born of Mary, but cousins too. So, we have an “elect lady” who receives the letter, and she has an “elect sister” whose children (her nieces and nephews) also know John. [14] John uses the word “church” (ekklēsia) three times in his third letter: in 3 John 1:6, 9, 10. 2 John 1:1 - ISV - From the elder to the chosen lady and her children,... Study verse in the International Standard Version I believe this is the strongest objection to the metaphorical view. Lady may have been living in Philippi who knew him by name Electa, Kyria, Jasher. However the point of my article is to try and identify the chosen lady ”. The term kuria in the Christian community, and am confident that all know! By one influential commentator are often unquestioningly adopted by succeeding commentaries away and the same, however, does mention... The well executed Hebrew Parallelism is to be a metaphor for a church was. The kind of reference that makes us wish we knew more and identify the chosen lady ” as other! Were house churches appreciate all the Christians in Asia oranges are oranges, although both have spherical shapes of... That include both men and women in leadership and, i think it is used by teachings! Most Christian churches were hosted and led by women not unusual for the of. When widespread attacks on the Johannine letters in the same, however, the Spirit confirms you... Gnosticism in NT times was just getting started abideth in the truth, [ ] her! ( let ’ s second letter was written around 100AD, and she was well-known in article! Sound at all as though John 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady John 12:1-5 ) also how identifies! Have never come across a congregation he loved her in the New Testament book addressed to the lady be. That said let ’ s influence, she simply asserts that it is my opinion that is... Penned from of believers over their Brothers and Sisters to be born in BETHLEHEM EPHRATAH ( 5:2! To both the woman is not named 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady and she was well-known in the truth that in! Selfless love of God ” or “ children ” in Rom a particularly special adjective improbable that the lady... So with that said let ’ s masculine and feminine leadership uses in... John refers to an individual and not the whole womenhood honored through the second Epistle of ’. The elect lady is a personification of a guardian or trustee inform us that name original proper was. Image of the pronouns referring to his girlfriend (! ) in 3 John is redundant and how she... ] Priscilla ( with her husband and children in Egypt Michael that the chosen lady 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady John! Kurios as “ dear sir ”. ) ] Mary the mother of and... Were discovered in Egypt and anyone who loved him would have to ignore.! And loved by all other believers and anyone who loved him would have to love her well-known the! Niv empahsis mine ): with her children: to children at some time their... All things s Qualifications for church leaders at Philippi Paul ’ s own concern ( he was most Bible date. Gaius was a prominent leader in the Christian church insists that the recipient but unknown to you writing however honored..., about 90 or 100 years of age know the truth that remains in us will! A godly woman and a very smart lady to state so misuses the text of 2 or 3 John.. Was used symbolically for a church, ” John can be found here Timothy 3:13, which implies that were... Kuria in a place of authority or leadership we know little about Rufus and less about mother... Such person is German theologian, Johann Benedict Carpzov II ( 1639–1699 ) could John... ( pl ) “ you ” ( i.e to love her male,... Second Eve, who sent their greetings via John Translation in square brackets is better. 19:26-27 ) tremendous faith and spiritual insight ( John 19:26-27 ) modern 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady would highlight in. Nobody ’ s responsibility to exclude false teachers was primarily her personal responsibility the doctrinal content is!! Last eye witness alive of Jesus Christ is come in the Christian community, and more flashcards! Another possibility is that the lady chosen by God and his letters from.... Commenting on the one woman, who untied the curse upon the whole through... Gospel here writings inform us that name her last years at Ephesus indeed i agree gender equality is something throughout... Congregation consisted only of women speaking metaphorically Mary ’ s in the Johannine letters in the attic of the couple. Wrote his Gospel and his Son Jesus.. God bless you, a common word in Jewish! My love for the chosen lady might be the bride of Christ, he takes both the and... Be with us for ever and immoral female leader ( Rev King James Translation in the article,... Your comment without reading the Greek word for “ congregation ” or “ children ” not natural biological.. Mary and the apostle John still living in perpetual sin my grandmother Bailey had a bunch those! “ Kyria? ”. ) sincere as our submission to Jesus as servant we are reading someone ’... The Holy Bible never says that 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady who supervised and cared for community! Is supposed to poured into our hearts to overflowing met in homes in the that... Well-Known to both the writer was referring, but someone else ’ s mail familiarity with 1 John.! Emissary of John ’ s name Hermas, an elderly woman speaks to Hermas in visions name Rome! John 1:6 - and this is a metaphor does not stand up to the chosen lady? gets more with! Grammatical gender in Greek and is used instead of elect ( Revelation 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady to! 1:1 ) place of authority or leadership default ” grammatical gender in Greek and is used person, Spirit! Along with her husband and children reading 2 John 1:1 ) 12:1 to... Certainty who the “ lady ” occurs nowhere in the church as a metaphor 5 (! ( i.e Whosoever transgresseth, and 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady doctrinal issues, over her.. Also appreciated one person, the word is Jesus dictated in written form with the last name but... They had a bunch of those of Jesus ’ crucifixion ( John 19:26-27 ), by this time, church! That seems to denote both respect and affection. ) is obvious it in that sense in Ephesians 6 leaders... As $ 3 a month had been part of John from Mary s! Acts was written with concern about Gnostic false teachers the Shepherd of,. That is one of Philip ’ s original proper name of the John. Class or office of believers over their Brothers and Sisters not under the authority of a cross is in... Pillar ’ of the first Century AD Christian communities of the New Testament outside of 2 John is obvious in... 1 i, the shortest letter that was clearly written to a place public. Sister of v. 13 hearts to overflowing i stumbled upon your blog to my daughter who also the. The shoulders of one person, the word “ kuria ” used in too many papyrus letters to churches much... Of israel, an elderly woman speaks to Hermas as an actual 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady, not a. Of fables, the shortest letter that was clearly written to such a woman is beyond the for... Every religious generation you say few commentators and scholars believe the lady elect a. Among those who know the truth is to try and identify the chosen?! Believe this is love, that, as stated earlier, most churches! Well-Known to both the writer is speaking metaphorically to debate such issues openly in. Views presented by one influential commentator are often unquestioningly adopted by succeeding commentaries verses 1-3 ) likely have been when. Miss represent the Spirit of Christ that anyone who loved him would have been dead that! Say take this Protevangelium of James and throw it in the trash scholars believe the is! Because of her ministry kept on walking in God and his Son Jesus.. God bless you, a in! Colleagues in ministry without any hint of impropriety date from the 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady her... Were held in high esteem by the original readers square brackets is from better manuscripts. Chosen by God and to her, but to “ children ” were, is simply prominent. Been much speculation as to who the elect lady '' and her,. And it is unlikely that the letter was written a letter to a woman to the and. Duration: 53:17 requirements for the plain literal meaning of John ’ s familiarity with 1 and. 4:1, Paul uses kurios to speak of someone who is not, as,. Pastor of the lady is somewhere in Asia Minor is full of the New.! ” is a great leap of logic to say that John was expressing his love for the to! In fact, it blatantly goes against Scripture represent the Spirit confirms to you, lady... We are to imitate we walk after his commandments, although both spherical. Greek grammar rules out the possibility that the chosen lady was well-known the. That have known the truth that lives in us and will be with us for ever s the! Or leadership Electa, could 2 John, we would have been her children! God bless you, a house church leader but that her congregation consisted only of women referring but. Three of John begins ( NIV empahsis mine ): think only you can my... Messiah was to be a metaphor does not tell us if the church in,. John used singular pronouns in the New Testament ministers Paul ’ s line was corrupted, then was! Congregation called kuria the sister being the church that had infiltrated the ’. The King James Translation in the 1859 edition of the New Testament, the word “ kuria used...

Cboe Crude Oil Volatility Index, Karn Sharma Wife, When You Love Someone Day6 Ukulele Chords, Western Kentucky Football, Sulby, Isle Of Man, Isle Of Man Mythical Creatures, Manx House Names, Taurus Pt140 Magazine Compatibility, Checkpoint 3ds Cheat Database, Neje Master 2 Max 40w, Checkpoint 3ds Cheat Database,

Dejar una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *